Tuberculosis – or TB is a contagious infection that usually attacks lungs. It can spread to other parts of body, like brain, spine, bone,abdomen, pleura or genito-urinary tract. A type of bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes it. Tuberculosis is highly prevalent disease in India. nearly every 3rd to 4th person of Indian population is infected with TB but disease manifest when body Immune System get deteriorated.
TYPES OF TUBERCULOSIS :-
1. PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS :- AFFECT LUNGS
2. EXTRA-PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS- PLEURAL EFFUSION, BONE, BRAIN, ABDOMINAL, UTERINE, URINARY, GLAND AND LYMPH NODE
Treatment of tuberculosis
Depending on your risk factors, latent TB can re-activate and cause an active infection. Active TB should always be treated. RNTCP provides guidelines for treatment of tuberculosis in India. Accepted regimen for treatment is DOTS-Regimen according to Categories. FOR CAT-1 PATIENTS :- Total 6 months treatment required with Intensive phase and Continuation Phase. Continuous monitoring needed during whole treatment period. Regular LIver function test, kidney function test, Chest X-ray, All routine tests should be done monthly.
Main Drugs:- RIFAMPICINE, ISONIAZIDE, PYRAZINAMIDE AND ETHAMBUTOL
FOR MDR TUBERCLUSIS:- Total 2 year treatment is required under continious monitoring.
Main Drugs :- BEDAQUINOLINE, PRETOMANID, FLOROQUINOLONS, ETHIONAMIDE, AMINOGLICOSIDES, LINEZOLID, CLOFAZIMINE AND MANY MORE.