Nebulization / Oxygen
A nebulizer machine is a portable medical device used to deliver medication to the respiratory tract and lungs. It does so in the form of mist. Oxygen, compressed air or ultrasonic power create aerosol droplets from the medication, and the user then inhales this into the lungs. Often this involves wearing a mask.
When using a nebulizer for inhalation therapy with medication to be administered directly to the lungs, it is important to note that inhaled aerosol droplets can only penetrate into the narrow branches of the lower airways if they have a small diameter of 1–5 micrometers. Otherwise they are only absorbed by the mouth cavity, where the effect is low.
Nebulizer machins are ordinarily used for the treatment of a range of respiratory disorders such as asthma and COPD. Medications are inhaled straight into the lungs for effective treatment. The reason they are inhaled rather than ingested is so that the medication can target the respiratory tract directly. This speeds up treatment and has fewer side effects in comparison to other alternative intake routes. The medication depends on the illness it is treating although commonly it reduces inflammation, swelling, and mucus within the airways.