Diabetes & Thyroid Scan
Diabetes specialist doctor in patna. Serving Patient diabetes & Thyroid scan
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, damage to the nerves, and damage to the eyes
Three major diabetes types can develop: Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type I diabetes: Also known as juvenile diabetes, this type occurs when the body fails to produce insulin. People with type I diabetes are insulin-dependent, which means they must take artificial insulin daily to stay alive.
Type 2 diabetes: affects the way the body uses insulin. While the body still makes insulin, unlike in type I, the cells in the body do not respond to it as effectively as they once did. This is the most common type of diabetes, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and it has strong links with obesity.
Gestational diabetes: This type occurs in women during pregnancy when the body can become less sensitive to insulin. Gestational diabetes does not occur in all women and usually resolves after giving birth.
Diabetes specialist doctor in patna
Dr. Sanjay Diabetes specialist doctor in patna
The effect on carbohydrate metabolism can potentially lead to disruptions in diabetes control. Although the glucose level does not always change, there can be an abnormal response to glucose tolerance testing in hyperthyroidism because glucose rises faster than normal. Additionally, excessive thyroid hormones increase the rate of digestive tract absorption and thyroid hormone levels and therefore increase insulin resistance and insulin degradation.
In hyperthyroidism, glycogen synthesis and degradation increase, leading to decreased glycogen levels. Glucose absorption is increased, as well as utilization and production. Peripheral tissues have increased rates of glucose uptake that can lead to the aforementioned exaggerated glucose peak during a timed glucose test. Insulin requirements are increased, and, if not addressed adequately, control can decompensate, leading to diabetic ketoacidosis. Additionally, in patients with undetected diabetes, hyperthyroidism can unmask diabetes because glucose levels can be abnormally elevated because of increased insulin resistance. Increased dosages of diabetes medications may be necessary in those already treated, until thyroid function is stabilized and resultant glucose stabilization occurs.